Canada is world known for its production and exportation of natural gas. The demand of natural gas, particularly in Canada, depends highly on the season. Demand tends to be higher during the winter months and lower in the summer.
Canadian natural gas was first discovered in New Brunswick in 1859 and since then has become part of our daily lives. Found in British Columbia, Alberta, Quebec, Nova Scotia and the Northwest Territories, natural gas provides 30 percent of Canada’s energy needs. In Canada over 65 percent of water heating and 50 percent of space heating is produced by natural gas. Alberta alone produces 69 percent of the natural gas produced in Canada.
Canada’s production in natural gas is expected to rise 3.6% from 2013 to the end of 2015. In the US, natural gas production is to increase to 7.4% by the end of 2015. Natural gas is a valued fossil used to live our every day lives. The global demand for natural gas is expect to grow 33% by 2035.
To retrieve natural gas companies must first locate an area that has oil and natural gas. With geological data they are able to determine the best area to dig. Material and equipment, such as gate valves and frac heads, are brought into the area to set the rig site for drilling to begin. Completion can now take place where the oil begins to flow, from which it moves to the production stage to bring the oil to surface. Natural gas is processed and crude oil is refined.
Hydraulic Fracturing is commonly used when natural gas is found in sandstone or shale. Forcing water and other liquids into the rock, which causes the rock to frac and release the natural gas. This is a common process used in Canada.